Human Rights

Article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, both or other status.

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Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of a person.

Article 4

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5

No one shall be sujected to torture or to crul, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by the law.

Article 9

No one shall be subjected to arbitary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10

Everyone is entitled in ful equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his/her rights and obligation and of any criminal charge against them.

Article 11

1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in  a public trial at which he/she has had all the guarantees necessary for his/her defence.

2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on a account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was comitted.

Article 12

No one shall be subjected to arbitary interference with his/her privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his/her honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.

2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his/her own and to return to his/her country.

Article 14

1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.

2. This right may not be invoked in the case of persecution genuinely arising from nonpolitical crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principals of the UN.

Article 15

1. Everyoe has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

2. Noo ne shall be arbitarily deprived of his property.

Article 16

1. Men and women of full age , wiyhout any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to form a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and its dissolution.

2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of intending spouses.

3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17

1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.

2. No one shall be arbitarily deprived of his property.

 

Article 18

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedomto change his/her religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private , to manifest his/her religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.

2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21

1. Everyone has the right to take part in regime of his/her country, directky or through freely chosen reprsentatives.

2. Everyone has the right to equal access to public service in his/her country.

3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will be expressed in periodic and genuine elections whih shall bee by universe and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22

Everyone, as a member of society , has the right to social security and is entitledto realisation, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organisation and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23

1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

2. Eevryone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

3. Eervyone who woeks has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

Article 24

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure , including reasonable limitations of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25

1. Everyone has the right tio a standard of living adequate for the heakth and well-being of himself and of his family, including food,clothing, housing and medcal care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his/her control.

2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection. 

Article 26

1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personally and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the UN for the maintenance of peace. 

Article 27

1. Everyone has the right to freely participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29

1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone is free and full development of his personality is possible.

2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose o securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democractic society.

 3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principals of the UU.

Article 30

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of thr rights and freedoms set forth.