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All you need to know about the crisis in Yemen

Updated: Mar 9




Introduction

This country is facing the largest humanitarian crisis on the planet and according to UNICEF it has 24 million people and the population needs urgent humanitarian assistance and many of these are children and when the war started in march 2015 many innocent children have lost their lives.


What has caused the crisis?

Yemeni government was under the pressure to repay the loan of 550 million to the international monetary fund The Houthi movement, which had attracted support beyond its base with its criticisms of the UN transition, organized mass protests demanding lower fuel prices and a new government. Hadi’s supporters and the Muslim Brotherhood–affiliated party, al-Islah started problems for Yemen and the houthis captured Sanaa the capital city in september 2014 and the hadi government resigned in january 2015 and hadi fled to Saudi arabia


The division in the military

Military units loyal to Saleh aligned themselves with the Houthis, contributing to their battlefield success. Other militias mobilized against the Houthi-Saleh forces, aligning with those in the military who had remained loyal to the Hadi government


The Saudi intervention

In 2015, with Hadi in exile, Riyadh launched a military campaign—primarily fought from the air—to roll back the Houthis and restore the Hadi administration to Sanaa


Solution to this crisis

UN-backed peace negotiations have made some progress, but have failed to bring an end to the conflict. December 2018 talks in Stockholm called for a cease-fire in the vital port city of Hodeidah, the exchange of more than fifteen thousand prisoners, and the creation of a joint committee to de-escalate violence. However, attempts to implement the agreement

Divisions within the Saudi-led coalition have dampened hopes for a broader resolution, especially after the August 2019 seizure of Aden by UAE-backed separatists. The situation deteriorated further the following month, when the Houthis claimed responsibility for a missile attack on Saudi Aramco oil facilities. UN monitors concluded that the Houthis did not carry out the attack.For now all the reports say are that there is still a large number of people who are injured and many people in Yemen are dying due to hunger or bombings.


Thank you.


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